Symptoms and treatment of enteritis in children

Update Date: Source: Network


Infantile gastroenteritis is a common disease in children. It usually recovers quickly. However, improper treatment can lead to serious complications and even death. Pathogen 1. Infectivity: * bacteria: such as Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter* Viruses: such as rotavirus, adenovirus* Parasites: Giardia, for example. Children with enteritis symptoms and treatment to talk about.

Symptoms and treatment of enteritis in children

Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are the main symptoms of enteritis. Why does enteritis cause vomiting and diarrhea? This is produced by nerve reflex.

Enteritis, due to bacteria, toxins or gastrointestinal mucosa inflammation, stimulate the digestive tract receptors, impulse into the medulla oblongata vomiting center, cause vomiting center excited, through the efferent nerve to the stomach, diaphragm, respiratory muscle, abdominal muscle and pharynx, palate, epiglottis and other places, cause a series of coordinated movement, and form the vomiting action. At the same time, due to the inflammatory stimulation of the intestinal mucosa, the contents of the intestine increase, which directly or reflexively leads to the enhancement of intestinal peristalsis and the decrease of absorption function, resulting in diarrhea.

Because vomiting and diarrhea have a certain protective effect on human body under certain circumstances, different measures should be taken according to different situations, such as food poisoning or taking poisons by mistake. Not only antidiarrheal drugs should not be given, on the contrary, emetic and purgative drugs should be given to promote the discharge of poisons. If vomiting and diarrhea are caused by digestive tract inflammation, in order to reduce the adverse effects of water and salt metabolism and electrolyte imbalance on the body, antiemetic and antidiarrheal treatment should be given at the same time of active treatment.

matters needing attention

Adjust to work and rest time: rest is of great benefit to the rehabilitation of patients, especially for patients in active period. Because the quiet and comfortable rest environment can reduce the mental and physical burden of patients, especially before going to bed to relax the spirit, ensure the sleep effect, and take sedatives when necessary. Patients can gradually increase the amount of activity after the condition improves, but generally should reduce heavy physical activity.