Specific methods for the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Update Date: Source: Network


Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is common in Guangdong and Guangxi. Although its occurrence is a major disease, there are still ways to treat it. What is the better way to treat nasopharyngeal carcinoma? Now let's take a look.

Specific methods for the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

First, radical radiotherapy is suitable for patients with moderate or above general condition; There was no obvious destruction of skull base; CT or MRI showed no or only mild or moderate infiltration near the nasopharynx; The maximum diameter of cervical lymph node is less than 8 cm, and it is active, but it has not reached the supraclavicular fossa; There was no distant organ metastasis. New technology of radiotherapy: intracavitary brachytherapy; Gamma knife therapy; Three dimensional conformal radiotherapy; Conformal radiotherapy is emphasized. The survival rate of the patients was improved

Second, surgical treatment is suitable for nasopharyngeal localized lesions that do not subside or relapse after radiotherapy. Neck lymph node dissection is feasible for patients with metastatic lymph nodes in the neck, which do not subside after radiotherapy and present as an active solitary mass.

Third:   If the tumor is small, radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy is feasible. If the tumor is large, induction chemotherapy should be carried out first, and then radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy should be carried out after the tumor shrinks

matters needing attention

Because patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma are affected by their diseases, they have heavy psychological burden, poor appetite and low resistance, so we should guide their families to encourage patients to eat, and give them high protein, high vitamin, low fat and digestible food. Such as beans, milk, fungus, carrots and so on. Tell patients to quit smoking, avoid cold and hard food, avoid spicy, avoid moldy food.